By a margin of 48% “yes” to 52% “no”, it seems that Ford workers are about to reject a contract proposed by their union leadership. The final vote will be announced on Saturday (Nov. 21). After years of concessions, with new hires making just $19/hour (only slightly above what many think the minimum wage should be!), with unemployment dropping, and with Ford reportedly making almost $25 million per day, workers’ expectations have been high.
One worker explained: “People are upset, because the objective was to eliminate the tiers, but they’ve added more tiers. And they have the smokescreen with the eight years grow-in period, but we only have four years to the end of the contract.
“And for the older employees, a lot of the concessions they gave up to keep Ford profitable and keep it afloat, they aren’t getting their money back. In ten years we’re going to be making the same money now, and we’re going to be behind the increase in the cost of living.
“That’s why people are voting ‘no.’ They’re looking at the long-term. They’re not looking at the lump-sum bonuses and profit sharing. And you know, it’s going to be a struggle. We’re going to have to move back with our parents, or in with each other. And they’re taking the money from us.”
The union leadership looks at it differently. As its chief Ford negotiator, Jimmy Settles, put it, he has to “keep Ford competitive”. He added, “If Ford pays more, they would be at a disadvantage to the other companies.” What Settles and his type never consider is how far down do workers have to go to be “competitive”? Where will it all end? (And you can be sure that Settles and his type aren’t keeping their pay down!)
Rejecting what workers consider an inferior contract is a good first step, but only a first step.
“The Times They Are Changing”
Four years ago, when Ford workers seemed to be rejecting a contract, Settles threatened that if they struck, Ford would hire “replacement workers”, i.e. scabs. This threat, which drove the workers to accept the contract, shows the huge change from the 1970s and before. In those days, the US auto manufacturers wouldn’t think of hiring scabs if their workers struck. The memory and traditions of the great sit-down strikes of the 1930s was still too present. However, the employers and the union leadership have done everything
in their power to erase those traditions, so the threat is real. It doesn’t mean that workers should bow down before the threat; it simply means that a return to the traditions of the ’30s is needed now more than ever.
Link With Unemployed and Especially Oppressed
Meanwhile, the UAW leadership has stood aside from some of the main struggles in the US. The most important of these has been the struggle against police murders of black people and others. As one UAW member in Ferguson reported at the height of the protests in August of last year, his leadership had told him “this is not our battle.” Just the opposite is the case.
The other threat is that of runaway shops. Even under the present contract proposal, Ford is saying it will shift its production of auto’s (vs. SUV’s and light trucks) to Mexico, where labor costs are so much lower.
And Ford is not alone. General Motors has announced that, for the first time, it will be importing vehicles (the Buick “Envision”) from China, where wages are even cheaper than in Mexico.
Over a century ago, workers in the US realized that they couldn’t just fight on a local or regional basis; they had to organize nationally. Now, a qualitatively new step is needed: A jump from national struggle to try internationalism, not just in words but in deeds. Unfortunately, the union leadership chooses to line up with the employers, against workers in other countries, rather than lead the union to align itself with workers internationally.
That’s why workers have to start organizing on their own, and today, with the internet, it’s easier than ever. There is no reason why dissident groups in the UAW cannot contact auto workers in Mexico, China and across the globe to discuss their common needs. That could be a first step towards real international action, including across-border strikes if necessary. There is no way to build such solidarity – neither with struggles here at home nor with workers in other countries – as long as auto workers accept concessions and inferior contracts. But the rejection of this Ford contract implies such a wider struggle.