IWW leader Big Bill Haywood (R), with two IWW supporters. He said to the Southern timber workers: “You work in the same mills together. Sometimes a black man and a white man chop down the same tree together. You are meeting in convention to discuss the conditions under which you labor. This can’t be done intelligently by passing resolutions here and then sending them out to another room for the black man to act upon. Why not be sensible about this and call the Negroes into this convention? If it is against the law [which it was], this is one time when the law should be broken.” They ended up breaking the law and building an integrated union.

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